By Nancy Lapid

(Reuters) – The pursuing is a brief roundup of some of the most recent scientific scientific tests on the novel coronavirus and efforts to come across remedies and vaccines for COVID-19, the illness prompted by the virus.

Microscopic sponges could be capable to soak up the coronavirus

Scientists have created microscopic sponges – a thousand times lesser than the width of a human hair – they hope could be utilized inside the human body to draw in and neutralize the coronavirus. The “nanosponges” are coated with membranes from lung cells or from immune cells recognized as macrophages, analyze co-chief Liangfang Zhang of the University of California, San Diego explained to Reuters. These mobile membranes have the similar receptor proteins on their surfaces that the virus utilizes to split into cells in the physique. In exam tube experiments, the nanosponges effectively acted as decoys to appeal to and inactivate the virus, Zhang’s group noted on Wednesday in the journal Nano Letters. “In principle, the nanosponges should really work everywhere you go in the entire body,” Zhang mentioned. “If we straight administer the nanosponges to the lungs…they will primarily continue to be in the lungs. Nevertheless, if we administer them to the blood straight by intravenous injections, they will circulate in the blood and go as a result of all organs.” The nanosponges, which are biodegradable, are staying made to safeguard nutritious cells no issue what virus attacks them, he emphasised. In idea, they could be utilised to neutralize mutations and new viral species as very well, Zhang reported. (

Affordable generic steroid might be lifestyle saver for critically sick COVID-19 people

A affordable and broadly utilized steroid referred to as dexamethasone is the to start with drug shown to conserve the lives of severely sick COVID-19 people in a study researchers hailed as a “important breakthrough” in the coronavirus pandemic. Effects from the demo declared on Tuesday confirmed dexamethasone decreased demise prices by about a 3rd in contrast with a placebo in severely sick hospitalized COVID-19 clients. Amongst people with COVID-19 who did not involve a ventilator or supportive oxygen, there was no benefit from procedure with dexamethasone. The final results propose the drug need to become the common of treatment in severe conditions, scientists said. “If clients who have COVID-19 and are on ventilators or are on oxygen are presented dexamethasone, it will help save life, and it will do so at a remarkably reduced expense,” explained Martin Landray of Oxford University, who co-led the demo in which about 2,100 patients obtained dexamethasone and 4,300 individuals did not. The analyze outcomes have not however been peer reviewed or posted online. Lots of medical practitioners explained they hope to be capable to critique the review details in element as quickly as probable. (

Tale carries on

Two antibody medicine probably better than a person towards coronavirus

Experts at Regeneron Prescribed drugs Inc have determined a mix of two antibody medicine may possibly be the greatest technique for attacking the new coronavirus. The medication, identified as monoclonal antibodies, are among the most generally applied type of biotech medications. The scientists screened countless numbers of antibody candidates to recognize very powerful pairs that connect by themselves to the virus concurrently in distinct places. Two papers revealed on Monday in the journal Science clarify the choice course of action and why the scientists consider these kinds of a “cocktail” is far better than one particular drug, even nevertheless a person would be significantly less expensive and a lot easier to manufacture at scale. The double-antibody method is built not only to be efficient as a treatment method, the researchers say, but to guard from the virus developing resistance to one antibody therapies. Regeneron last week commenced screening the mixture named REGN-COV2 in a clinical trial evaluating it to a placebo in hospitalized people and in patients with indicators who are not sick adequate to call for hospitalization. ( https://little

Flushing with open lid allows “significant” spread of virus particles

A new examine implies closing the toilet lid before flushing might be another precaution individuals should choose to support avoid the spread of the coronavirus. About 40% of infected folks have virus particles in their stool, though experts do not know if people particles are infectious. However, the examine reveals they are sprayed close to the place (or the restroom stall) if the rest room lid is not closed in advance of flushing. In a report posted on Tuesday in Physics of Fluids, researchers known as the effects “alarming” and stated flushing without closing the lid resulted in “significant upward transportation of virus particles… with 40% to 60% reaching over the toilet seat, major to big-scale virus unfold.” In the authentic SARS outbreak in 2003, at minimum a person cluster of instances was traced to unfold via aerosols from bogs in a Hong Kong condominium developing. UCLA researcher Amandine Gamble, who scientific tests aerosol and surface area security of coronaviruses, advised Reuters that if this mode of transmission is confirmed with the new coronavirus, closing rest room lids before flushing “is a truly great advice.” (

(GRAPHIC: The lifeline pipeline, COVID-19 treatment plans, vaccines in progress –

(Reporting by Nancy Lapid, Deena Beasley, Carolyn Crist Enhancing by Invoice Berkrot)

Resource hyperlink